Longleat Relief Hospital’s debating society
Longleat near Warminster was one of the first stately homes to answer the country’s call to provide space for the nursing of war casualties.
Longleat Relief Hospital opened its doors on 7 November 1914 to 31 battle-worn Belgian soldiers who had fought to defend West Flanders after the retreat of the British Expeditionary Force. It had 2,044 patients in total.
Soldiers recovered in comfortable surroundings and even enjoyed a full programme of entertainments. The Debating Society met in the Billiard Room (Green Library) every Monday. Participants would engage in lively topics of discussion. The following record of the debates appeared in the Longleat Lyre in October 1916:
Would the war end sooner if America entered? [Vote: no]
Should the Clergy take up Arms? [Vote: yes]
Should rations include Beer? [No record of result]
Should Bachelors be taxed? [Vote: yes]
Should England have conscription after the War? [Vote: no]
Free Trade or Tariff Reform after the War, with special reference to the treatment of Germany. [No record of result]
Is England Winning? [No record of result]
Should German music be abolished during the war and after? [Vote: no]
There were four trained nurses at the hospital and the rest were VADs (administered by the British Red Cross and the Order of St John). The trained nurses had loose hanging veils. Sometimes the VAD nurses sewed crosses on their aprons.
Three grown children of the Thynne family contributed to the war effort.
Lady Emma Thynne worked as a Lathe Turner in a Munitions Factory in Kent. She preferred this to nursing.
Lady Kathleen Thynne was secretary of Longleat Hospital for the duration of the war. She also went to work at the YMCA canteen in Abbeville, N.France, serving troops (Sep & Dec 1916).
John Alexander Thynne, 9th Viscount of Weymouth gave his life at Vermelles, aged just 21. He would’ve been the 6th Marquess. He is buried at Vermelles.